CEDS – Energy

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Suggested ENERGY Goal:

Support Bristol Bay’s basic Energy needs through education, data collection, planning, and broadband and energy project development.

Project: Sustainable Energy with Renewable Resources- Port Heiden

Project Description: By using a retired 15,000-gallon fuel tank, (that is located in Port Heiden) for fabricating a drying stag building with racks. Port Heiden has a high rate of erosion and is left with tons of Turf (peat) on our beach fronts.  Once the drying tank is completed using equipment, we will begin harvesting the peat for heating pellets.

Outline of steps required for project to be completed:

  1. Locate area for drying tank, clear vegetation, add appropriate material for fill and compact
  2. Fabricating of retired tank, using plasma cutter, cut one end off and make a large front door of the tank and cut air openings in the sides and rear of the tank then weld a gutter like rib above the openings to prevent rain going into tank on to the peat, weld drying racks on either side of inside the tank.
  3. Using flatbed and bobcat to gather peat off beach (this maybe something that might develop as we learn best practices)
  4. Wash and clean peat before drying (this maybe something that might develop as we learn best practices)
  5. Run dry cleaned peat through hammer mill
  6. Run mulched peat through pellet mill
  7. Come up with cost of pellet compared to cost of fuel
  8. Sell pellets to community residents and entities

People/Organizations responsible for completing these steps: Scott Anderson & Andrew Fleagle, Tribal Environmental, Native Village of Port Heiden, UAF: Bristol Bay Campus-through the USDA Program

  • Cost Estimates:
  • Costs: $20,000
  • Timeline: three weeks
  • Funding Partners: Village and City, ANTHC, Department of Energy, USDA

Evaluation Measures:

  • Successful sales of pellets to community members and local entities
  • Residents and local entities have a significant cost savings on heating fuel
  • Key Project Contact:
  • Name: Scott Anderson
  • Title: Environmental Director
  • Organization: Native Village of Port Heiden

Project: Togiak Hydroelectric

Project Description: Reduce the Community of Togiak’s dependency on petroleum oil for electricity through the development of hydroelectric power generation.

Outline of steps required for project to be completed:

A reconnaissance study is needed to update and record the flow of the Kurtluk River.  Our purpose for the study was to identify what measures are needed to provide a constant water supply. The original plan was to secure a reservoir site.

  1. -Phase I of the project will be a Reconnaissance Study. This study will include:
    • Gathering existing data such as mapping, hydrologic data, geologic reports, and environmental data.
    • Perform a preliminary environmental regulatory review – USF&W and ADF&G, Fisheries, etc.
    • Survey for land status
    • Review of existing geotechnical data
    • Update the previous study which was completed in 1982.
    • Prepare a letter report documenting all existing pertinent information.
  2. -Phase II of the project includes conducting a detailed feasibility study using current methods and costs and gathering public input. The feasibility study will include:
    • Site Visit
    • Conceptual layout
    • Survey and Mapping
    • Preliminary Geotechnical Investigation
    • Hydrology – Stream flow measurements are required to make a good assessment of project viability.
    • Initial Environmental Assessment
    • Regulatory Assessment – FERC Licensing and Permits
    • Energy Analysis – Production and Demand
    • Cost Estimates and Economic Evaluation
    • Development Schedule
    • Finalize Feasibility Study Report
  3. Secure permits
  4. Hire contractor to fulfill project
  5. Begin construction
  6. Connect Hydro project into current grid

People/Organizations responsible for completing these steps: Our regional corporation BBNC, University of Alaska-Geological, USF&W, ADF&G, and U.S. Geological survey. Togiak Village Corporation, City of Togiak, Togiak School, Traditional Council of Togiak, local private businesses, Twin Hills Village and Togiak Fish Processing Plant

  • Cost Estimates:
  • Costs: Phase I – Est. $75,000, Phase II – Est. $350,000
  • Timeline: 10 years from 2020
  • Funding Partners: EDA, City of Togiak, Department of Energy, State of Alaska

Evaluation Measures:

  • 15%Reduction for community oil consumption for electricity by 2030. This will be measurable by reviewing the past records of fuel usage at the AVEC power plant and comparing records before and after project implementation.
  • Key Project Contact:
  • Name: Peter Lockuk Sr.
  • Title: Council Member
  • Organization: Traditional Council of Togiak

Energy Project: Nushagak Cooperatives Nuyakuk Hydroelectric Project

Project Description:

This proposed run of river project could be capable of generating up to 12 MWs of year-round electricity depending on the season and associated river flow without the use of a dam.  The project will not only provide a source of renewable energy, but a fiber optic cable would be provided to the communities of Dillingham, Aleknagik, Koliganek, New Stuyahok, Ekwok and Levelock as well. 

Outline of steps required for project to be completed:

  1. 2022    Complete Study Plan development in the FERC ILP process including site visits for agencies and stakeholders. Complete initial Geotech evaluation.
  2. 2023    Complete first year of studies, evaluate data collected for project continuance (go/no-go).
  3. 2024    Complete second year of studies, evaluate data collected for project continuance. If warranted apply to FERC for operating license.
  4. 2025-27           Complete final design and permitting, acquire Right of Way and site permitting, finalize project funding and construction contracting.
  5. 2028-30           Construction and commissioning.
  • People/Organizations responsible for completing these steps:
  • Nushagak Electric and Telephone Cooperative (NETC) will be responsible for completing the studies. NETC will work with community and tribal organizations, including BBNA Economic Development and the Aquatics Resource Working Group, to pursue funding opportunities as well as project viability.  
  • Cost Estimates:
  • Costs: Estimated study costs $6M, overall estimated project cost $120-150M
  • Timeline: Through 2030
  • Funding Partners: TBD

Evaluation Measures:

  • NETC’s initial goal is to complete the required studies for site evaluation, including continued regional consultations as study information is developed, with the objective of determining the viability of Nuyakuk Hydro Concept in our region.
  • Key Project Contact:
  • Name: Will Chaney
  • Title: CEO/GM
  • Organization: Nushagak Electric & Telephone Cooperative

Project: BBNC Organizational Options for a Tribal Energy Collaborative in the Bristol Bay Region

Project Description: Bristol Bay Native Corporation (BBNC) is working with Deerstone Consulting and Woven Energy through a BIA Tribal Energy Development Capacity Grant to define organizational options to form a regional energy collaborative to provide better and lower cost centralized services to Tribal communities and electric utilities in the Bristol Bay region of Alaska.  This team, working in conjunction with a Steering Committee made up of Bristol Bay stakeholders, is working to define obvious opportunities for collaboration, reliability improvements, and/or potential cost savings between utilities in the region and to develop a pilot project with 3-4 electric utilities in the region to demonstrate the benefits of collaboration.

Outline of steps required for project to be completed:

  1. Steering Committee defines best opportunity areas for collaboration between utilities.
  2. Outreach to electric utilities to identify participants for a pilot project that provides benefits through collaboration via tasks/areas identified by Steering Committee.
  3. Obtain new BIA TEDC funding to support pilot project.
  4. Engage outside resources to assist with tasks/skills to be provided in pilot project.
  5. Complete pilot project term and demonstrate benefits of collaboration between utilities.
  6. Build out stand-alone collaboration entity that can provide the collaborative framework long-term.
  • People/Organizations responsible for completing these steps:
  • Bristol Bay Native Corporation, Stakeholder Entities (potentially, BBNA, BBEDC, Lake & Peninsula Borough, Bristol Bay Borough, City of Dillingham), Consultant team, Large Utility Stakeholders (Nushagak Electric Cooperative, Naknek Electric Association, INN Electric Cooperative, AVEC), Electric Utility Participants (To Be Identified)
  • Cost Estimates:
  • Costs: Initial TEDC Grant Phase is $99,000. Subsequent funding will be needed for pilot project and beyond.
  • Timeline: Initial TEDC Grant Cycle runs until April 2022.  Next funding cycle, assuming additional funding is received, will run through 2023.  Objective is to make the collaborative entity a permanent, stand-alone entity. 
  • Funding Partners: BBNC, BIA Tribal Energy Development Capacity Grant Program

Evaluation Measures:

  • Participating utilities able to deliver power to customers less expensively.
  • Electricity service improved and/or more reliable.
  • Administrative functions of the participating utilities improved, e.g., more reliable collections, PCE reporting improved.
  • Workforce development at the participating utility improved, e.g., more jobs retained locally, more training available, better wages provided.
  • Physical assets of the utility improved and better maintained.
  • Electric utility’s capacity increases and it is positioned to consider renewable sources of power and to apply for necessary funding.
  • Key Project Contact: 
  • Name: Daniel Cheyette
  • Title: VP Lands & Resources
  • Organization: Bristol Bay Native Corporation

Project: Bristol Bay Campus to Perform sustainable energy applied research to benefit Bristol Bay.

Project Description: Incorporate applied research of sustainable energy technologies in the context of rural Alaska. These technologies may include, for example, air source heat pumps, ventilation systems, lighting, wall systems, renewable energy systems, and others.

Outline of steps required for project to be completed:

  1. Host workshops and classes.
  2. Incorporate applied research into classes and program, i.e. Host Solar electric installers certification training.
  3. Promote educational and workforce development opportunities to communities.
  • People/Organizations responsible for completing these steps:
  • Bristol Bay Campus, partnerships with the Cold Climate Housing Research Center (CCHRC), Alaska Center for Energy and Power (ACEP) and renewable energy professional training facilities such as Solar Energy International (SEI), and (REAP) Renewable Energy Alaska Project, BBNA
  • Cost Estimates:
  • Costs: $255,000
  • Timeline: Oct 1, 2022-Sept 30, 2027
  • Funding Partners: US Dept of Education Title III NASNTI, Individual Development Grant, School districts, BBRCTE, BBNC, BBEDC

Evaluation Measures:

  • Track number and type of technologies researched.
  • Offer four classes
  • One conference opportunity for students and partner organizations to participate in.
  • Track energy savings where new technologies are installed and observed to better understand the effectiveness of the measures.
  • Key Project Contact:
  • Name: Eric Goddard
  • Title: Assistant Professor of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Studies
  • Organization: UAF-Bristol Bay Campus

Project: Support Bristol Bay communities accessing broadband spectrums that improve access and quality of services.

Project Description: Assist all Bristol Bay communities gain access to more reliable and affordable spectrums of broadband. 

  • People/Organizations responsible for completing these steps:
  • Bristol Bay Native Association, Bristol Bay Native Corporation, Bristol Bay Economic Development Corporation, Bristol Bay Area Health Corporation, Bristol Bay Housing Authority, all communities (27) and tribes (31) served by the Bristol Bay Native Association, SWAMC, Alaska Tribal Broadband, Alaska Tribal Spectrum, SALMONet
  • Cost Estimates:
  • Costs: Unknown
  • Timeline: 2021-2025
  • Funding Partners: USDA, EDA, Tribes and Utility and Telecommunication Companies, NTIA

Evaluation Measures:

  • Increase broadband speeds
  • Residents save money with affordable internet
  • Increase capacity of economic activity
  • Key Project Contact:
  • Name: Kristina Andrew
  • Title: Economic Development Program Manager
  • Organization: Bristol Bay Native Association

Project: Support the Bristol Bay communities and Tribal entities with weatherization and energy efficiency through local hire.

Project Description: Bristol Bay residents and businesses need assistance to increase dollars retained to region and reduce dependence on fossil fuels through home heating and electricity efficiencies. Bristol Bay Native Association (BBNA) wants to create one project manager, and various contractors to perform energy audits and upgrade to increase energy efficiencies in homes and businesses.

Outline of steps required for project to be completed:

  1. Apply for funding.
  2. Hold a Weatherization/ Energy Audit Class.
  3. Recruit and hire for the positions from Class attendees.
  4. Develop program and further training for Auditors.
  5. Conduct outreach to determine candidates.
  6. Send Auditors into the region to determine where homes and businesses can increase efficiencies.
  7. Assist peoples and entities with completing energy efficiency upgrades.
  • People/Organizations responsible for completing these steps:
  • University of Alaska Fairbanks: Bristol Bay Campus, Southwest Alaska Vocational and Education Center, BBNA, BBNA’s 31 Tribes, Bristol Bay’s Municipalities, local utility companies,
  • Cost Estimates:
  • Costs: Salary, Benefits, Travel, Commodities; estimated total $251,000/year
  • Timeline: October 1, 2019 – September 30, 2022
  • Funding Partners: USDA, HUD, Department of Energy, Alaska Energy Authority, ANTHC

Evaluation Measures:

  • One full time position is filled for promoting energy related upgrades.
  • A majority of the contractors are hired to work in their communities.
  • Five to ten entities are able to increase energy efficiencies per year.
  • Key Project Contact:
  • Name: Kristina Andrew
  • Title: Economic Development Program Manager
  • Organization: Bristol Bay Native Association

Project: To bring high speed Internet to the Bristol Bay Borough.

Project Description: Infrastructure is needed to bring high speed, reliable Internet to the Bristol Bay Borough. Many entities, individuals and businesses in the Bristol Bay Borough need high speed internet to be able to function in a business economy. Incorporating broadband is known to increase a regions Gross Domestic Production (GDP) up to 10% and increase job opportunities.

Outline of steps required for project to be completed:

  1. Bristol Bay Chamber of Commerce is in discussions with several groups in the Bristol Bay Borough and others that could provide high speed and functional internet services.
  2. Research needed on options of service providers to bring high-speed, reliable internet to the Bristol Bay Borough.
  3. Research process of the Aleutians communities working with SWAMC and pattern Bristol Bay’s effort after their projects.
  4. Potential to apply for planning grant then project grant.
  • People/Organizations responsible for completing these steps
  • Bristol Bay Chamber of Commerce, individuals and entities in the Bristol Bay Borough, Fish Processors, SWAMC, BBNA
  • Cost Estimates:
  • Costs: To Be Determined Timeline: 5-Year Project
  • Funding Partners: Federal, state, local or corporate grants and/or appropriations, USDA Community Connect, EDA

Evaluation Measures:

  • Successful instillation of broadband to the Bristol Bay Borough.
  • Increase in Bristol Bay Boroughs GDP.
  • 20 jobs created as a result of increased broadband access
  • Key Project Contact:
  • Name: Shannon Harvilla
  • Title: President
  • Organization: Bristol Bay Borough Chamber of Commerce

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